Effect of tourism on faunal and floral diversity of Sahastradhara
Effect of Tourism Blog | UCBMSH – Life Science Degree courses college in Dehradun ( Doon ) , Uttarakhand , India .
In any region tourism helps to educate the visitors, provides funds for conservation, and directly benefits the economic development and political empowerment of local communities. Due to continuous and unsustainable mining for lime stone, Shastradhara hills badly affected in terms of soil and vegetation effects. Unmanaged tourism results extinction of native flora and expansion of invasive species such as Lantana camara , Eupatorium adenophorum, Ageratum conyzoides and many other xerophytic herbs due to low moisture content in soil . Aquatic and semi aquatic plants such as Equisetum, Rorripa, Chara, Riccia restricted to only few patches and under serious threat.
Aside from environmental degradation mismanaged tourism cause population pressure on natural habitats, tourists also leaves garbage and pollution associated with western life style which disturb faunal and floral diversity.
Practices associated with intensive, short rotation plantation forestry, that precludes or delay the development of old growth attributes, may result in long term loss of diversity. Ultimately, it may be necessary to manage some stands on long rotations to maintain understory species that require long periods to recover from disturbance. Changing atmospheric conditions and lack of knowledge, infectious nature of some weeds are among the other factors responsible for the extinction of these important medicinal plant species.
In tourist places natural resource management can be utilized as a specialized tool for development of tourism .Scientific programs can be introduced for the conservation of natural resource so that these resources remain untouched.