Sparrows that were commonly found in the past are rarely seen now, thanks to urbanization. Loss of habitat and lack of food are among the prime reasons for driving house sparrows out of the cities. Conservation of the house sparrow and its hab..
A Probiotic is a “live microbial food ingredients that, when ingested in sufficient quantities, exerts health benefits on the consumer”. They are found in number of fermented dairy products, infant formula and dietry supplements. The term ..
A biofilm is a collection of microbial communities enclosed by a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and separated by a network of open water channels. These communities adhere to manmade and natural surfaces, such as metals and ..
Due to unique physiography and geographical features Doon valley is home for several algal groups. The flora has a rich assemblage of many interesting algal members. Algae generally occur in freshwater lakes, ponds and streams as well as on an..
Himalayan region is one of the biggest sources of Medicinal and aromatic plants. The region is one of the critical biodiversity hotspots of the world due to its unique geography and ecology. A large number of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAP..
Biotechnology has known since long time ago, when human beings realized that they could plant their own crops and breed their own animals, they learned to use biotechnology. The tissue culture problem was suggested by Schleiden and SchwannR..
Biotechnology for Human welfare Introduction: Biotechnology is the new wonder of science. A branch of science that utilizes and manipulates microorganisms for the welfare of mankind is biotechnology. It uses technique that can modify the produ..
Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site. Bioremediation is a “treatment that uses naturally occurring organisms to break down hazardous sub..
Mahseer is derived from the hindi words “Maha” meaning big and “seer” meaning head or a fish with big head. Mahseer is one of the most important ‘GAME’ and food fishes of India. The fish hooked for the purpose of sport and subsis..
One of the most interesting events concerned in life of bird is seasonal migration. “Migration is a periodic passing of animals from one place to another”. Migration can be latitudinal, longitudinal, altitudinal, partial, irregular or vagr..